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    • Budget timeframe: Biennial

      Fiscal Year begins: July 1 

      The current state budget can be found here.

      Find the legislative session calendar here.

      Find the current legislative leaders here.

      MT Gov. BullockGov. Steve Bullock
      Office of the Governor
      PO Box 200801
      State Capitol
      Helena, MT 59620-0801
      Phone: (406) 444-3111
      Fax: (406) 444-5529



      David Ewer, Budget Director
      Office of Budget & Program Planning
      P.O. Box 200802
      Helena, MT 59620-0802
      Fax (406) 444-4670



      Want a more robust, long-term look at your state's fiscal health, beyond the budget? There are two parts: Click here for the FY2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report (CAFR) compiled by the state government, and click here for information on the state's pension liabilities



      Montana is required to pass a "balanced budget." Article VIII, Section 9 of the 1972 Constitution states that appropriations by the legislature shall not exceed anticipated revenue. Montana law forbids the carrying over of a deficit from one year to the next. The governor of Montana is required by statute to reduce spending if a deficit begins to develop. Even with this law, Montana report budget deficits (negative net transactions) on its Budgetary Comparison Schedules for all of the years reviewed.


      Budgetary data is easy to locate and is presented in a consistent manner for the past three years. The State has five governmental funds that are considered major funds for presentation purposes and they are: the General Fund, the State Special Revenue Fund, the Federal Special Revenue Fund, the Coal Severance Tax Fund, and the Land Grant Fund. Three out of these five major funds are budgeted, the General Fund, the State Special Revenue Fund and the Federal Special Revenue Fund. Therefore, most but not all funds are budgeted. All the information needed for analysis is presented in an efficient manner within the Budgetary Comparison Schedules. [from the Institute for Truth in Accounting]


      Find the state's bond ratings here.



      Montana Policy Institute

    • K-12 Education :


      Common-Core Tensions Cause Union Heartburn

      Education Week | by Andrew Ujifusa and Stephen Sawchuk | February 20, 2014

      From the early days of the Common Core State Standards, the two national teachers' unions have been among the initiative's biggest boosters, helping to make the case to the nation's 3.5 million teachers for the tougher expectations and putting significant money into the development of aligned curricula and tools.

      But in some union quarters, that support is starting to waver—the product of flawed implementation in states, concerns about the fast timeline for new testing tied to the standards, and, in at least one instance, fallout from internal state-union politics.


      Education spending balloons, but students in some states get more money than others

      Washington Post - GovBeat | by Reid Wilson | January 27, 2014

      There is disagreement within education circles over whether spending more money per pupil leads to better results. But there is no disagreement that the amount of money states spend on education has erupted in recent years.

    • View All Montana articles
    • Revenue :


      State government dependence on federal funding growing at alarming rate

      The Washington Examiner | by David Freddoso | April 15, 2014

      This trend of increased state dependency on Washington reduces state and local control, while threatening the states' long-run autonomy.


      Rebounding economy fills state coffers with record tax revenues

      Washington Post - GovBeat | by Reid Wilson | April 10, 2014

      State governments collected more than $846 billion in tax revenue in the last fiscal year, the highest amount ever reported, as a rebounding economy boosted coffers hit hard by the recession.

    • View All Montana articles
    • Solutions

      How Reality-Based Budgeting Can Permanently Resolve State Budget Gaps

      State Budget Solutions | by Bob Williams | November 7, 2012

      State Budget Solutions recommends that state legislators take action in 2013 to resolve the serious state financial crises by changing their focus from inputs to outcomes by redesigning budgets from the ground up based on priorities and performance.

    • Solutions

      How to Prevent Future Pension Crises

      by Cory Eucalitto | November 1, 2012

      The time for state and local governments to offer defined contribution retirement plans that protect both taxpayer dollars and public employee retirement security is now.

    • Solutions

      State Lawmakerís Guide to Evaluating Medicaid Expansion Projections

      The Heritage Foundation | by Edmund F. Haislmaier and Drew Gonshorowski | October 17, 2012

      Supporters of Obamacare claim that expanding Medicaid will entail little to no cost to state governments, since the federal government will fund the vast majority of the additional costs. Indeed, some analyses project states achieving savings from adopting the expansion. However, state lawmakers should be wary of accepting such analyses at face value.

    • Solutions

      Medicaid Is BrokenóLet the States Fix It

      The Wall Street Journal | by Paul Howard and Russell Sykes | October 15, 2012

      Block-granting Medicaid is the best way to deliver better, cost-effective care to the most vulnerable Americans.

    • Solutions

      The Case for Reform: Prisons

      Right on Crime | August 1, 2012

      Prisons are supremely important, but they are also a supremely expensive government program, and thus prison systems must be held to the highest standards of accountability.