• In The News
  • Background
  • Issues
  • Solutions
  • Pensions
  • Commentary
    • Budget timeframe: Biennial

      Fiscal Year begins: July 1 

      The current state budget can be found here.

      Find the legislative session calendar here.

      Find the current legislative leaders here.

      MT Gov. BullockGov. Steve Bullock
      Office of the Governor
      PO Box 200801
      State Capitol
      Helena, MT 59620-0801
      Phone: (406) 444-3111
      Fax: (406) 444-5529



      David Ewer, Budget Director
      Office of Budget & Program Planning
      P.O. Box 200802
      Helena, MT 59620-0802
      Fax (406) 444-4670



      Want a more robust, long-term look at your state's fiscal health, beyond the budget? There are two parts: Click here for the FY2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report (CAFR) compiled by the state government, and click here for information on the state's pension liabilities



      Montana is required to pass a "balanced budget." Article VIII, Section 9 of the 1972 Constitution states that appropriations by the legislature shall not exceed anticipated revenue. Montana law forbids the carrying over of a deficit from one year to the next. The governor of Montana is required by statute to reduce spending if a deficit begins to develop. Even with this law, Montana report budget deficits (negative net transactions) on its Budgetary Comparison Schedules for all of the years reviewed.


      Budgetary data is easy to locate and is presented in a consistent manner for the past three years. The State has five governmental funds that are considered major funds for presentation purposes and they are: the General Fund, the State Special Revenue Fund, the Federal Special Revenue Fund, the Coal Severance Tax Fund, and the Land Grant Fund. Three out of these five major funds are budgeted, the General Fund, the State Special Revenue Fund and the Federal Special Revenue Fund. Therefore, most but not all funds are budgeted. All the information needed for analysis is presented in an efficient manner within the Budgetary Comparison Schedules. [from the Institute for Truth in Accounting]


      Find the state's bond ratings here.



      Montana Policy Institute

    • K-12 Education :


      Common Core Costs: Examining California's Five Largest School Districts

      State Budget Solutions | by Hannah Oh | September 16, 2014

      There seems to be an endless amount of controversy surrounding the Common Core. Vocal supporters and critics are not hard to find. This report suggests that there is another point of contention to consider: the costs of the technology upgrades required to implement Common Core.

    • HEADLINES: California, Indiana, Michigan, New Jersey, North Carolina , Pennsylvania, Washington, Louisiana, Montana, Virginia

      Williams Report - June 23, 2014

      State Budget Solutions | by Bob Williams | June 23, 2014

      The latest news from State Budget Solutions, including commentary from Bob Williams. Tweet #SBSBob to talk about state budget and pension headlines throughout the nation.

    • View All Montana articles
    • Revenue :

    • HEADLINES: Alabama, Alaska, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts , Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire , New Jersey, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania

      Williams Report - May 20, 2015

      State Budget Solutions | by Bob Williams | May 20, 2015

      Join us on Twitter today by following @StateBudgets and tweeting with the hashtag #SBSBob.


      Federal Aid to States Dips Slightly, But Remains High

      State Budget Solutions | by Joe Luppino-Esposito | February 17, 2015

      Money from the federal government still generates over 30% of the general revenue in the majority of states.

    • View All Montana articles
    • Solutions

      How Reality-Based Budgeting Can Permanently Resolve State Budget Gaps

      State Budget Solutions | by Bob Williams | November 7, 2012

      State Budget Solutions recommends that state legislators take action in 2013 to resolve the serious state financial crises by changing their focus from inputs to outcomes by redesigning budgets from the ground up based on priorities and performance.

    • Solutions

      How to Prevent Future Pension Crises

      by Cory Eucalitto | November 1, 2012

      The time for state and local governments to offer defined contribution retirement plans that protect both taxpayer dollars and public employee retirement security is now.

    • Solutions

      State Lawmakerís Guide to Evaluating Medicaid Expansion Projections

      The Heritage Foundation | by Edmund F. Haislmaier and Drew Gonshorowski | October 17, 2012

      Supporters of Obamacare claim that expanding Medicaid will entail little to no cost to state governments, since the federal government will fund the vast majority of the additional costs. Indeed, some analyses project states achieving savings from adopting the expansion. However, state lawmakers should be wary of accepting such analyses at face value.

    • Solutions

      Medicaid Is BrokenóLet the States Fix It

      The Wall Street Journal | by Paul Howard and Russell Sykes | October 15, 2012

      Block-granting Medicaid is the best way to deliver better, cost-effective care to the most vulnerable Americans.

    • Solutions

      The Case for Reform: Prisons

      Right on Crime | August 1, 2012

      Prisons are supremely important, but they are also a supremely expensive government program, and thus prison systems must be held to the highest standards of accountability.