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    • Budget timeframe: Annual

      Fiscal Year begins: Oct. 1

      Find the legislative session calendar here.

      Find the current state budget here.

      Find current state legislative leaders here.


      AL Gov BentleyGov. Robert Bentley
      State Capitol
      600 Dexter Avenue
      Montgomery, AL 36130-2751
      Phone: (334) 242-7100
      Fax: (334) 242-0937




      Marquita Davis, Director of Finance
      Alabama State Capitol
      600 Dexter Ave., Suite N-105
      Montgomery, AL 36130
      Phone (334) 242-7230
      Phone (334) 242-7230
      Fax: (334) 242-3776

      Want a more robust, long-term look at your state's fiscal health, beyond the budget? There are two parts: Click here for the FY2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report compiled by the state government, and click here for information on the state's pension liabilities


      Alabama is required to pass a "balanced budget." The Constitution of 1901 has numerous amendments addressing the call for a balanced budget. Of particular note is Amendment No. 26, ratified in 1993, which calls for a proration of state funds when the revenues actually received are less than the obligations appropriated by the legislature and approved by the governor. Moreover, the law calls for the fine and imprisonment of anyone violating this provision. Section 41-4-90 of the State law charges the Governor with watching drafts from the various state funds, and is mandated to restrict disbursements if they would cause an overdraft or a deficit. Alabama law forbids the carrying over of a deficit from one year to the next.


      Individual major funds include: General Fund, Alabama Trust Fund, Education Trust Fund, Public Road and Bridge Fund, Public Welfare Trust Fund, and Alabama Medicaid Fund. The State budgets three funds: the General Fund, the Education Trust Fund, and the Earmarked Funds. It is not clear what is included in "Earmarked Funds." The Budgetary Comparison Schedules are missing several pieces of information needed for analysis, such as the net transactions, beginning balances, and ending balances. [from the Institute for Truth in Accounting]


      Find the state's bond ratings here.


      Alabama policy institute logo


    • Solutions

      How Reality-Based Budgeting Can Permanently Resolve State Budget Gaps

      State Budget Solutions | by Bob Williams | November 7, 2012

      State Budget Solutions recommends that state legislators take action in 2013 to resolve the serious state financial crises by changing their focus from inputs to outcomes by redesigning budgets from the ground up based on priorities and performance.

    • Solutions

      How to Prevent Future Pension Crises

      by Cory Eucalitto | November 1, 2012

      The time for state and local governments to offer defined contribution retirement plans that protect both taxpayer dollars and public employee retirement security is now.

    • Solutions

      State Lawmakerís Guide to Evaluating Medicaid Expansion Projections

      The Heritage Foundation | by Edmund F. Haislmaier and Drew Gonshorowski | October 17, 2012

      Supporters of Obamacare claim that expanding Medicaid will entail little to no cost to state governments, since the federal government will fund the vast majority of the additional costs. Indeed, some analyses project states achieving savings from adopting the expansion. However, state lawmakers should be wary of accepting such analyses at face value.

    • Solutions

      Medicaid Is BrokenóLet the States Fix It

      The Wall Street Journal | by Paul Howard and Russell Sykes | October 15, 2012

      Block-granting Medicaid is the best way to deliver better, cost-effective care to the most vulnerable Americans.

    • Solutions

      The Case for Reform: Prisons

      Right on Crime | August 1, 2012

      Prisons are supremely important, but they are also a supremely expensive government program, and thus prison systems must be held to the highest standards of accountability.

    • BLOG: Revenue, Budget Transparency

      Principles of a good tax system

      by Jason Mercier | October 14, 2013

      The fundamental building blocks of a good tax structure include simplicity, accountability, economic neutrality, realiability and fairness.

    • BLOG: Education, K-12 Education

      Tensions in Common Core debate are boiling over

      by Joe Luppino-Esposito | October 1, 2013

      The fight over Common Core State Standards started quietly but has become increasingly intense as states make decisions regarding its implementation and school districts address the concerns of parents. The debate has taken harsh turn recently, with displeasure with the program that aims to make educational standards consist across states for grades K-12 coming out in a range of ways, from nasty notes from a governor to an arrest for assault. 

    • BLOG: Federal Government Impact, Medicaid

      State attorneys general lead the federalism fight

      by Joe Luppino-Esposito | September 17, 2013

      One look at the upcoming cases before the Supreme Court and the federal courts of appeal would suggest that states and the national government have a destructively adversarial relationship. Should we be worried about this constant conflict?

    • BLOG: Education, K-12 Education

      Common Core can't pass the cost test

      by Joe Luppino-Esposito | August 2, 2013

      This has been a rough summer for Common Core supporters as more and more states leave the testing consortia due to high costs and uncertainty.

    • BLOG: Pensions, Federal Government Impact

      Senate bill highlights need for state and local action on public pensions

      by Cory Eucalitto | July 12, 2013

      Earlier this week, Senator Orrin Hatch (R-UT) unveiled a bill designed to give new flexibility to state and local public pension plans struggling to stay afloat.