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REVENUE

Revenue

Like any business or household, revenues play a critical role for states in determining their levels of spending. Nearly every state is constrained by a balanced budget amendment requiring their general fund expenditures not to exceed revenues (though budget games have allowed them to relax this constraint considerably). When times are tough, many legislators who loathe cutting programs turn to higher taxes as a way to increase revenue. However, as economist Arthur Laffer has shown, higher taxes do not always increase revenue. Minnesota, for example, has been driving high-earners (and their tax dollars) out of the state with its' unfriendly tax climate. Understanding the dynamics of taxation and state revenues is essential for anyone who seeks solutions to state revenue problems; SBS is here to help.

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    • HEADLINES: Missouri

      Missouri budget spends more despite flat revenues

      SFGate.com | by David A. Lieb | May 12, 2014

      Missouri tax revenues have been falling in recent months, yet spending is on the rise in the Missouri Legislature.

    • HEADLINES: Illinois

      State Budget: "It's All In Such A State Of Flux"

      WUIS.org | by Amanda Vinicky | May 12, 2014

      Gov. Pat Quinn is calling for an extension of Illinois' income tax rates, and he has the support of the Democratic leaders of the House and Senate.

    • HEADLINES

      At least 7 states are expected to miss their budget forecasts this year

      Washington Post - GovBeat | by Niraj Chokshi | May 9, 2014

      All but seven states are expected to meet or beat budget forecasts by the time this fiscal year is over, according to a survey of state legislative fiscal officers in every state, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico.

    • HEADLINES: Louisiana

      Louisiana House approves $25 billion state budget

      NOLA.com | May 9, 2014

      Lawmakers sidestepped concerns about the federal rejection of financing for the LSU hospital privatization deals already put in place by Jindal and largely funded with federal money. They made no changes to the plans.

    • HEADLINES: Minnesota

      Minnesota revenue officials racing to get refunds out

      The Minneapolis Star Tribune | by Baird Helgeson | May 7, 2014

      The tax break passed in the middle of filing season has revenue officials scrambling.

    • HEADLINES: Kansas

      Moody's downgrades Kansas' credit rating, citing sluggish recovery and risky tax plan

      The Kansas City Star | by Brad Cooper | May 7, 2014

      Plummeting revenues, underfunded pensions and millions in court-ordered school spending led Moody's Investors Service to cut the state's credit rating by a notch.

    • HEADLINES: North Carolina

      State budget shortfall projected to be $445 million

      ABC11.com | by Fred Shropshire | May 5, 2014

      Proposed pay raises for teachers and state employees could be threatened by a North Carolina state budget shortfall.

    • HEADLINES: Connecticut

      GOP Lawmakers Blast Malloy's Budget Agreement

      NBC Connecticut | by Susan Haigh | May 2, 2014

      Connecticut's Democratic governor and legislative leaders announced they reached an agreement on a revised budget, saying it still includes funding for additional early childhood education slots and other major initiatives, despite a recent drop in the state's projected surplus by hundreds of millions of dollars.

    • HEADLINES: Pennsylvania

      Anemic tax collections add to state budget woes

      The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette | by Kate Giammarise | May 2, 2014

      Pennsylvania is facing an estimated budget shortfall of $1.3 billion through June 2015, according to a bleak revenue forecast issued by the state's Independent Fiscal Office.

    • HEADLINES: Connecticut

      Projected State Budget Surplus Collapses

      The Hartford Courant | by Christopher Keating | May 1, 2014

      Estimates of tax revenues down sharply in final week of budget negotiations.


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    • RESEARCH

      Federal Aid to States Dips Slightly, But Remains High

      State Budget Solutions | by Joe Luppino-Esposito | February 17, 2015

      Money from the federal government still generates over 30% of the general revenue in the majority of states.

    • RESEARCH

      Federal Aid to the States 2008-2011

      by Kristen De Pena | February 21, 2013

      It is well understood that the federal government must make spending cuts-these cuts will most likely drastically change the amount of federal dollars that are allocated to the states. Unfortunately for most states, dependence on federal funding has continually risen since 2008.

    • RESEARCH

      Fiscal Policy Report Card on America's Governors: 2012

      The CATO Institute | by Chris Edwards | October 9, 2012

      This fiscal report card on the governors examines state budget actions since 2010 using statistical data to grade the governors on their taxing and spending records-governors who have cut taxes and spending the most receive the highest grades, while those who have increased taxes and spending the most receive the lowest grades.

    • RESEARCH

      2013 State Business Tax Climate Index

      The Tax Foundation | by Scott Drenkard Joseph Henchman | October 9, 2012

      The Tax Foundation's 2013 edition of the State Business Tax Climate Index enables business leaders, government policymakers, and taxpayers to gauge how their states' tax systems compare. The absence of a major tax is a dominant factor in vaulting many of these ten states to the top of the rankings.

    • RESEARCH

      State Budget Crisis Task Force Report

      State Budget Crisis Task Force | by Richard Ravitch and Paul Volcker | July 17, 2012

      State finances are not transparent and often include hidden liabilities as well as rapidly growing responsibilities which are difficult to control.  While state revenues are gradually recovering from the drastic decline of the Great Recession, they are not growing sufficiently to keep pace with the spending required by Medicaid costs, pensions, and other responsibilities and obligations.  This has resulted in persistent and growing structural deficits in many states which threaten their fiscal sustainability.

    • RESEARCH

      Spring 2012 Fiscal Survey of States

      States will face particularly intense budgetary challenges in education and health care in fiscal 2013, putting pressure on all budget areas - including corrections and infrastructure. As budgets face strain from slow revenue growth and expenditure pressures, states will likely confront tough budgetary choices in the next fiscal year.

    • RESEARCH

      Rich States, Poor States

      ALEC American Legislative Exchange Council | by Arthur B. Laffer, Stephen Moore and Jonathan Williams | April 12, 2012

      This fifth edition of Rich States, Poor States provides 50 unique snapshots from our "laboratories of democracy" for you to evaluate. Study the rankings, read the evidence, and learn about the proven principles that lead to economic growth, job creation, and a higher standard of living for all Americans.

    • SOLUTIONS

      How Reality-Based Budgeting Can Permanently Resolve State Budget Gaps

      State Budget Solutions | by Bob Williams | November 7, 2012

      State Budget Solutions recommends that state legislators take action in 2013 to resolve the serious state financial crises by changing their focus from inputs to outcomes by redesigning budgets from the ground up based on priorities and performance.

    • SOLUTIONS: New York

      The Case for a Cap

      The Empire Center | December 7, 2011

      This report analyzes the tax cap proposal in light of previous efforts to limit property taxes in New York and other states. Among the findings, New York's local property tax levels are exceptionally high by national standards and have grown by more than double the inflation rate over the past decade, justifying the governor's push to limit future growth.

    • SOLUTIONS: Georgia

      Eight Affordable Ideas for Georgia

      The Georgia Public Policy Foundation | by Eight Affordable Ideas for Georgia | December 2, 2011

      Georgia should continue to push the reforms that have made this one of the best managed states in the nation, but innovation is the best opportunity for true reform. Tax, regulatory and tort reform will create the right conditions for innovation in the private sector while the state pursues innovation in the areas of criminal justice, education and heath care.

    • SOLUTIONS: North Dakota

      Moving Forward

      The North Dakota Policy Council | November 29, 2011

      A guide to needed reforms in pensions, taxes and higher education, among other areas, with  two types of goals that are important when working towards limiting government: long-term policy objectives that show the end-game goals and short-term policies that steer public policy towards the long-term goals. This guide provides both.

    • SOLUTIONS: Nevada

      One Sound State, Once Again

      The Nevada Policy Research Institute | by Geoffrey Lawrence | November 3, 2011

      Nevada seriously needs genuine, revenue-neutral fiscal reforms, and this report seeks to fill that vacuum. It analyzes the actual volatility of Nevada's current taxes - and the taxes lawmakers keep signaling they want. It covers important tax-related issues, such as achieving economic efficiency and tax equity, while reducing compliance costs as well as tax-induced distortions in economic behavior. It advocates implementing priority-based budgeting.

    • SOLUTIONS: Oregon

      How to Turn Oregonís Business Climate Around

      The Cascade Policy Institute | by Steve Buckstein | November 3, 2011

      Article presenting the elimination of the Oregon state income tax and the end forced unionism as solutions to both budget problems and lack of business growth.

    • SOLUTIONS: Nebraska

      Pro-Growth Strategy for Nebraska

      The Platte Institute | by Eric Thompson | September 1, 2011

      This report focuses on limiting the regulatory burden in the state and other types of recommendations to improve growth.

    • SOLUTIONS: Illinois, California, Texas

      Amazonian-Size Taxes

      by Kristen De Pena | July 11, 2011

      Proposals to tax Internet retail sales are all the rage as states continue to look for more ways to balance their budgets in the face of revenue shortfalls.

    • SOLUTIONS

      Rich States, Poor States 2011

      Bloated state spending levels and trillions of dollars in unfunded government employee pension liabilities pose huge financial obstacles to economic recovery in the 50 states today. This begs the million-or trillion-dollar question: Why are some states prospering while others are still struggling?

       

       

       

       

    • SOLUTIONS: Texas

      Texasí Fiscal Future

      The Texas Public Policy Foundation | by Arthur B. Laffer | April 1, 2011

      There has been an impression created in the press and embraced by many that the LBB report suggests that adoption of the bill CSHB1 by Texas would cost Texas 272,000 jobs in 2012 and 335,000 jobs in 2013. This answer, at least as interpreted by the press, is wrong and not based on sound economics. The passage of CSHB1 will not cause less jobs in Texas relative to any other option at hand.